What Fuels your eStore Experience!!!
If you are a retailer or a brand that is trying to get into the business of selling product(s) online through an online store, you would have either asked or been asked this question a hundred times:
Should you use your eCommerce platform to enable your store experience or should it be driven by an enterprise Content Management System, often called a Web Experience/Content Management platform now?
Starting your eCommerce journey with that question though is like starting a 100m sprint on the wrong foot, you re bound to lose. The right question to ask is what will drive consumers to your store?
Is it the range, unique bundling, competitive pricing of your product catalog OR is it brand loyalty, consumer engagement and compelling personalized content?
Like other common issues I bring up through my blog, this one does not have a single right answer either because at the end of the day it all depends on a lot of factors, some of reasonably objective and can be defined and some are relatively subjective based on your current state as well. Finding a perfect answer for your situation could be an extensive but quick exercise, my general rule of thumb is:
- If you are a retailer (pure play or e-tailer), for the most part you will do well even with the somewhat limited presentation and content management capabilities of an enterprise eCommerce platform (IBM WCS, ATG, Magento, Demandware of the world)
- However, if you are a “brand” or CPG/FMCG going direct, your success relies on a strong consumer engagement driven by personalized, relevant content that drives consumer’s shopping behavior, driving loyalty and repeat purchase and constant testing & targeting of offers & coupons. Typically this is where you would need an enterprise content management system like the Adobe CQ, Sitecore, SDL Tridions of the world.
- And of course then there is an ideal world where you get the best of both worlds, leveraging a WCM/CMS to drive content while integrating that with an eCommerce platform in the backend to handle commerce transactions. The ideal approach of course comes with the challenge of complexity, cost & timelines making it a rather rare architecture used by brands or retailers.
Everytime I start to think about these integration opportunities between multiple platforms & capabilities, I think about the need for a Marketing Operating System, an mOS aka iOS to consolidate the technologies and deliver a unified experience. Possibly an Adobe will join hands with Hybris or IBM will buy SiteCore and integrate the best of both worlds – the content targeting & testing capabilities with the dynamic pricing and transactional capabilities of eCommerce. A recent Forrester Research published in an article on GetElastic.com very effectively summarized these different models. Take a read:
According to the report, ebusiness and channel professionals top investment priorities this year include the ecommerce platform and Web Content Management (WCM), as many ecommerce sites, CPG brands and manufacturers selling direct to business and consumers seek to replace existing systems with best-of-breed tools to deliver the ultimate digital customer experience whilst freeing marketing and merchandising teams from reliance on IT.
Ecommerce and WCM are amalgamating
Over the years, both ecommerce and web content management vendors have been investing in ³engagement features,² and there is a significant overlap between capabilities. Both can control navigation, search, presentation layer, merchandising, recommendations, support mobile, etc. But they each bring unique capabilities to the table as well. When you think about next-generation digital experience platform, it goes beyond just the platforms themselves. Controlling the on-site experience requires many different solutions and systems, from A/B testing and analytics to social platforms, recommendation engines, bid management and loyalty platforms. It¹s not uncommon to have over 20 different integrated solutions involved in delivering that online customer experience. Some are very complex, some are front-end, some are back-end, but every next-generation digital experience requires this integration. Organizations looking to build best of breed solutions find strengths and weaknesses in each system. A common inquiry that Principal Analyst Peter Sheldon receives from Forrester clients regards whether to invest in WCM, ecommerce or both ‹ and which platform should drive which piece of the experience.
How to decide whether to use an ecommerce platform, WCM or both
Similar to a build vs. buy decision when considering an ecommerce platform or replatform project, determining whether to run your digital commerce experience through WCM, ecommerce or both requires an understanding of your business¹ characteristics and needs.
Peter shared a decision model he uses in his consulting work in last week¹s webinar Building Tomorrow¹s Digital Experience <— available on-demand. (Notice the tickboxes on each side of the model):
Ecommerce platform strengths
- Directly drives revenues through checkout
- Tends to have a larger capacity for catalog items
- Can accommodate more complex product taxonomy
- Enables ³spearfishing² product discovery (search, filter categories, product finders and comparison tools that enable customer to identify a single or small set of possible matches to purchase intent)
Web content management strengths
- Ability to drive an industry-specific purchase flow
- Support content-based ³storytelling² through various types of media and content
- Support frequent marketing campaigns
- Use rich and engaging media
- Support app and print touchpoints in addition to web and mobile, and support social interactions
It¹s not uncommon to find you select multiple tickboxes for both ecommerce and WCM ‹ you may be inclined to lean to a hybrid solution that combines a little of each system. But keep in mind running both carries a higher cost, complexity and time to market. You may look at a lighter weight solution of one system (like open-source) if you only have a few tickboxes checked.
Additional questions to ask
- What is your online revenue?
- If you¹re a lower volume seller, you may be able to get by with a home-grown platform or run completely through a content management system.
- If you¹re high volume seller with a complex catalog, large number of SKUs or complex buying configuration, an ecommerce platform is important.
- How do customers purchase what you¹re selling?
- Do you and your competitors use a traditional shopping cart, or like a hotel, airline, or sell complex in-app digital goods for which you require customized purchase flows?
- Who traditionally ³owns² the site?
- Is it eBusiness, IT, marketing, brand? Do you have separate geographic or mobile teams? How much independence do they need from IT? Who has more influence over platform selection?
- How do customers discover products and services?
- Do customers spearfish, or do they require a longer process that involves romancing, digesting content, using guided selling tools? Do you require a storytelling experience?
- How frequent are your campaigns and what are they?
- Do you launch new products and upgrades frequently? What types of promotions do you run? Do marketers lean on WCM to run these campaigns?
- What types of content do you need to support?
- Is your content structured entirely around your product, or do you have engagement content (video, product configurator, guided selling etc)?
- Which touchpoints do you need to support?
- Do you need to deliver beyond mobile, desktop and tablet to include print, support channel partners, microsites, or other parts of your organization with rich media content?
- How are you communicating with customers?
- Do you need to tap deep into social, email, apps and cross-channel behavior to drive personalization?
Running ecommerce and WCM together 3 integration options
The easiest and quickest to market approach is to use the platforms as stand-alone platforms, side-by-side.
Both are responsible for delivering the HTML to the site, typically WCM handles product discovery and exploration of the site, and the ecommerce platform powers the buy and checkout process. Though they power different pieces of the experience, organizations typically make templates and look and feel to appear seamless, use single sign-on and other tactics so the customer experience appears well-integrated, and the customer is not exposed to the complexities behind the scenes.
Ecommerce takes the lead
The second option is for ecommerce to take the lead. In this approach, WCM delivers no pages to the website, rather takes a backseat, simply providing a content repository to store rich media assets, et cetera.
The challenge with this approach is that investing in WCM is expensive and can be complex to integrate. Selecting it just to be a content repository is not always the best approach, and it¹s one that¹s in decline.
WCM takes the lead
Peter calls this the ³utopia approach.² When WCM leads the experience, marketers and merchandisers have control over experience and can make content changes in a dynamic way, such as drag and drop changes without requiring any IT releases.
This approach uses the ecommerce platform as system of record, for promotions, catalog, payments, inventory et cetera, and exposes these services through APIs. The WCM platform can apply its own recommendation rules and drive a consistent experience. Though complex, it¹s becoming increasingly popular. Organizations can soften the blow by rolling this out over time with a multi-phased approach, beginning with a side-by-side solution and slowing passing more features and functionality to web content management until the majority of the site is running through it.
Adobe is a great example of a brand that moved away from a bolt-on ecommerce store to a truly integrated dot-com site. Adobe has achieved a site and store experience that has no differentiation, and no fragmentation of experience between separately managed domains.